Preventing Addiction In Schools

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90.3 WBHM Birmingham, Ala. – In Part One of WBHM’s five-part series, we heard about how and why heroin use is on the rise in Alabama. Now in Part Two, education reporter Dan Carsen looks at how some young people are trying to slow its spread in their schools. The story starts in a small office just outside downtown Birmingham:

A half-dozen high-school students and three adults sit around a table in a cluttered office that might best be described as “nonprofit chic”: posters and bulletin boards on the walls, stacks of papers and brochures everywhere, and of course, pizza. It’s the headquarters of the Addiction Prevention Coalition, and something unusual is about to happen. Elizabeth Drennen, a conservatively dressed middle-class thirty-something, begins speaking.

“For me, it started out with getting hooked on pain pills,” she confides. “I loved the way they made me feel. And from that moment on I was bound and determined to find that same feeling. It was like all of a sudden I felt normal. You know, like … ahhhhh … I can breathe. And so, it got to the point where the painkillers were too hard to find. When somebody offered me the I-V needle, and heroin, I said ‘sure.'”

Elizabeth Drennen, now a health coach, tells Addiction Prevention Coalition student leaders about how she became a heroin addict. Photo by Dan Carsen.


Drennen’s confession is unusual not because she’s admitting to addiction, not because she doesn’t look like an old stereotype of a user. Her confession is unusual at this meeting because an adult is doing the talking. Unlike old-school drug programs, the Addiction Prevention Coalition’s approach is student-driven. The kids decide how best to tackle the problem. Their approaches are as diverse as the 12 area schools APC serves. And so are their reasons for getting involved.

“I had a father who actually … used drugs, and it touched me,” says Joshua Bibbs, a senior at St. Clair County High. “It just made think ‘hey, maybe there’s other people out there, through your situation you can go and help somebody’ and tell them, like, ‘hey, you’re not alone, I’m here, I can help you.'”

His friend J’La Jenkins, a junior at Hoover’s Spain Park, says kids are mixing codeine with soda to make “dirty Sprite.” That troubles her partly because addictions shortened the lives of both her grandfathers.

“I never really got to have a relationship with them,” she remembers. “And that really hurt me, because, you know, everybody wants to feel like, ‘Hey Paw-Paw!’ And I never got that, so I, I want … I want people I know to live healthy and long lives.”

These students meet at the APC office to compare notes, get strategy ideas, and just talk. But when they’re back in their schools, figuring out how best to get their peers’ attention is up to them individually. Alabama School of Fine Arts senior and APC chapter president Jasmin Revanna has taken some unconventional approaches.

“We did yoga … we did a flash mob actually, so we try to do fun things so people realize we’re not a boring club where people just preach.” She adds, “You don’t have to be on drugs to join the club; you don’t have to know anyone who does it. You just have to want to learn.”

Jasmin Revanna, a science student at the Alabama School of Fine Arts, was involved with one of APC’s first chapters. She’s now a senior focusing on eye research, much of which she does at the University of Alabama at Birmingham. Photo by Dan Carsen.


She says she knows of ASFA graduates using heroin, but she’s seen the problem up close only through her APC chapter’s work at The Foundry, a recovery program in Bessemer. Jasmin’s school counselor Dina Marble says staff have seen just a few cases of heroin use in students, but that’s more than they’ve ever seen before, and she wants to keep those numbers small (or zero). She appreciates the prevention coalition’s bottom-up approach:

“They are insightful enough to know that the students are the ones who have a pulse on the community. And the adults in that program are very present in their empowering students to help them get some things done that they might not be able to do by themselves.”

And that’s good, because heroin has been getting cheaper. Though school staff are usually reluctant to go on record, across the state, many say they’re seeing more and more. And it doesn’t matter if you’re in a nice neighborhood. As a matter of fact, recovering addict Brad Blount of well-to-do Vestavia Hills says having money cuts both ways.

“It’s a blessing and also a curse,” he says. “If you give your kid a hundred dollars a week, okay, you go out to a movie and maybe dinner … What’s the rest going to?”

Brad Blount in his family’s house in Vestavia Hills. Photo by Dan Carsen.


Blount has given talks to hundreds of people in his hometown, which has seen a rise in overdoses, but has also admitted the problem and faced it head on. The Addiction Prevention Coalition, which works against what its leaders call “the conspiracy of silence,” gave Vestavia Hills its first ever Community Impact Award this winter.

So what conclusions can one draw here? One counterintuitive takeaway is that, in a very real way, though it feels strange to say, heroin is a unifier. As students, counselors, judges, and police will tell you, it easily straddles the demographic lines that normally separate us. It also unites people with knowledge of addiction in the sense that it elicits from them basically the same plea to anyone connected with young people: talk honestly and calmly with your kids.

ASFA counselor Marble puts it this way:

“My advice would be just to remain open. Sometimes when we’re very, very close to kids, we feel like we know everything they’re doing, and sometimes they may be involved when they seem like they’re holding everything else together.”

Blount, who’s been on the other side of this issue, also implores, “Be open with your kids. Don’t try to lie to them about the drugs. Don’t try to scare them. Tell the truth.”

APC Prevention Coordinator Renee Smith says too many kids struggling with drug issues tell her the same thing over and over again:

“‘I would love to talk to my parents about this issue, but I’m afraid.’ They really just want real answers.”

Naloxone Helps Stop Heroin Overdoses in Alabama, But Still Not Widely Used

In Jefferson County, heroin abuse rose dramatically in 2014. The county coroner attributed more than 140 deaths to heroin. Law enforcement and the state have been rushing to respond. Last year, the state legislature approved access to a heroin antidote: naloxone, more commonly known as narcan. If used properly, naloxone can reverse the effects of a heroin overdose. Public health officials in Alabama are trying raise awareness and get the potentially life-saving drug to the people who need it most.

High Costs of Heroin Addiction Treatment Put Significant Strain on Families

Heroin abuse continues to rise nationally and in Alabama, leaving more people searching for ways to kick addiction. Families ask friends, professionals and scour the Internet looking for the best, and most affordable, treatment for their loved one. But the financial burdens can be crippling, sometimes thousands upon thousands of dollars.

The Low Price and High Cost of Heroin

Heroin overdose deaths are on the rise nationally. In Jefferson County, deaths increased by more than 140 percent in 2014. The numbers were shocking: Heroin caused or contributed to 144 deaths in 2014. Area law enforcement responded by increasing efforts to get traffickers and drugs off the streets, especially in Birmingham.

As Heroin Use Rises, More Families Struggle With Loss And Addiction

Heroin use has exploded in Alabama, and heroin-related deaths more than doubled in Jefferson County last year. That means more and more relatives have to cope with the mistrust, deception and shame that come with addiction. Despite the stigma, parents and families are reaching out for help.

Uncovering Alabama’s Hidden Hepatitis C Problem

Injection drug use is on the rise around the country, feeding an increase in cases of the blood-borne liver disease Hepatitis C. The Centers for Disease control says that, nationally, Hepatitis C infections rose 150 percent in the last 3 years. But the spread of the disease in Alabama is hard to measure. Doctors and health care officials are trying new ways to determine the true spread of the disease here in Alabama — doctors like Jim Galbraith, an emergency room physician at UAB.